It is not always possible to find a reason for the psalms being placed where they are in the Psalter, but in this case Psalm 76 follows the former psalm nicely. In fact, there are links between Psalms 74, 75 and 76. Psalm 74 looks on the violence and injustice that are in the world and asks the Lord to intervene. In Psalm 75 God speaks to say that in “the appointed time” he will act both to strike down the arrogant and to lift up the meek and afflicted. Psalm 76, the one we are to study now, celebrates a dramatic incident in which God did exactly that, utterly destroying Israel's enemies.

The very last verses of Psalm 75 contain a testimony agreeing with all the psalm has been teaching (vv. 9, 10). I take them to be the testimony of the individual, indicated by the pronoun “I” occurring twice in verse 9 and a third time in verse 10. By reciting them, you or I or anyone else can add his or her testimony to these truths.

God's assurance of the righteous and his warnings to the wicked would seem to be sufficient in themselves. But preachers always seem to like to have the last word, even with God, and Psalm 75 is an example. God has spoken (in vv. 2-5). But now the preacher or priest adds his observations and applications to God's teaching (vv. 6-8).

It is not entirely clear from the Hebrew text how much of the following is spoken by God or at what point the writer breaks in to give his own personal comment or reflection of God's words. The New International Version makes as good a judgment as any when it puts verses 2-5 together as being spoken in one way or another by God. But they fall into two parts. In the first two verses (vv. 2, 3) God speaks to assure the righteous. These words concern the nature of God's judgments. In the next two verses (vv. 4, 5) God addresses the wicked to warn them about their evil actions.

It is natural for the people of God to give God thanks, for there are innumerable blessings for which thanks is due. But here, in verse 1, thanks is given to God for just one thing, and that is that the “Name [of God] is near.” The “Name” stands for God himself; so “your Name is near” means that God is near. He is never far away; he is always at hand.